Let Us Embrace Contingency to Visualise and to Reinforce the Uniqueness of Places
Keywords:visual studies, strollology, education, presentation and inclusion methods, contingency
In this paper, I discuss the education of inclusive urbanism as the inclusion of the environmental awareness genesis, attitudes toward urban design, cognitive biases and the acceptance of contingency. How do places ‘happen’ to become what they are? What characterises their potentially unreducible singularity in light of general planning laws?
I suggest educating along a didactic triangle of rules, novelty and singularity in a spatialisable tabular fashion. In addition to using the methods presented here in teaching, these approaches can also be used to create more inclusion in urban development processes as a whole. With a 3D visualisation matrix of analogue, hybrid and digital methods, I proceed to four exemplary multi-methodological teaching modes to tackle the ever-bygone status quo, to introduce research methodology and, thereby, the defeasibility of both the premises and the conclusions in all-too traditional urban design.
I focus on abductive reasoning between the unique locality and the general space of possibility as trial acting and “plan-b thinking” to dialectically shuttle within didactic triangle and visualisation matrix. The curriculum allows for principal and exemplary multi-methodological cross-linkage. Open projects serve as stepping stones into the broad variety of non-algorithmic human occupations in 21st century urban planning. Let us understand our own multiple personal urbanites way beyond professional applicability.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2020 Niels-Christian Fritsche
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Anders, K., Fischer, L. (2017). Vier Szenarien für das Oderbruch. Oderbruchfiktionen. Büro für Landschaftskommunikation, Forum Oderbruch e.V. Bad Freienwalde. https://oderbruchpavillon.de/images/content/bausteine/projekte/szenarien/pavillon_szenarien_broschure.pdf
Bayard, P. (2016). How to talk about places you’ve never been: On the importance of armchair travel. Bloomsbury UK.
Beadle, P. (2017). Rules for mavericks: A manifesto for dissident creatives. Crown House Publishing.
Beck, U. (2016). The metamorphosis of the world: How climate change is transforming our concept of the world. Polity Press.
Bohning, I. (1981). „Autonome Architektur“ und „partizipatorisches Bauen“: Zwei Architekturkonzepte. Birkhäuser.
Bregman, R. (2018). Utopia for realists: And how we can get there. Bloomsbury Paperbacks.
Bryman, A., & Bell, E. (2015). Business research methods. Oxford University Press.
Bunz, M. (2013). The silent revolution. How digitalization transforms knowledge, work, journalism and politics without making too much noise. Palgrave MacMillan.
Burckhardt, L. (2015). Why is landscape beautiful? The science of strollology. In M. Ritter & M. Schmitz (Eds.), Strollological observations on perception of the environment and the tasks facing our generation (pp. 225-308). Birkhäuser.
Cage, J. (1967-68). 10 Rules for students and teachers. Merce Cunningham Trust: Archives & Selected Readings. https://www.mercecunningham.org/the-work/archives-and-selected-readings
Carroll, L. (1866). Alice’s adventures in Wonderland. Appleton & Co.
Csíkszentmihályi, M. (1996). Creativity. Flow and the psychology of discovery and invention. HarperCollins.
De Botton, A. (2002). The art of travel. Hamish Hamilton.
De Wilt, K. (2017). Think like an artist, don’t act like one: Common sense from an unexpected source. BIS Publishers.
Dexter, E. (2005). To draw is to be human. In E. Dexter, Vitamin D: New perspectives in drawing (pp.6-10). Phaidon Press.
Edwards, B. (1999). The new drawing on the right side of the brain. Jeremy P. Tarcher, Putnam.
Florida, R. (2003). Cities and the creative class. American Sociological Association: City & Community 2, 3-19.
Fritsche, N.-C. (2012). Truly modelling reality...? - Let’s improve our cognitive maps with a bastard mix of algorithms to “undo” pictures, isometric mapping, high-density diagrams and comic culture as integral sign posts for software development in cartography. In M. Buchroithner (Ed.), True-3D in cartography. Autostereoscopic and solid visualisation of geodata (pp. 83-95). Springer-Verlag.
Fritsche, N.-C. (2018). New analog for the digital age: Adjusting simultaneousness for self-explanatory delineation of architectural and urban projects in public presentations or: a “nolli isometric”. In L. Cocchiarella (Ed.), ICGG 2018—Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Geometry and Graphics, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing 809 (pp. 1560-1571). Springer International Publishing AG.
Graeber, D. 2018). Bullshit jobs: A theory. Penguin Books.
Greene, G. (1980). Ways of escape. Simon & Schuster.
Harari, Y. N. (2017). Homo deus. A brief history of tomorrow. Vintage.
Hegarty, J. (2015). Hegarty on creativity. There are no rules. Thames & Hudson.
Hitchcock, H.-R., Johnson, P. (curators). (1932, February 10 -March 23). Modern architecture: International exhibition. The Museum of Modern Art.
Knoflacher, H. (2006). A new way to organize parking: The key to a successful sustainable transport system for the future. Environment and Urbanization: Ecological urbanization II 18(2), 387-400.
Latour, B. (2018). Down to earth: Politics in the new climatic regime. Polity Press.
Lichtenberg, G. C. (1793–1796). Sudelbücher Heft K [K293]. In W. Promies (Ed.), Georg Christoph Lichtenberg: Schriften und Briefe. Band II. Zweitausendeins, reprint of Carl Hanser (1971) (pp.450).
Lübbe, H. (2005). Die Zivilisationsökumene. Globalisierung kulturell, technisch und politisch. Wilhelm Fink Verlag.
McLuhan, M. (1964). Understanding media: the extensions of man. New American Library.
Miller, A. I. (2014). Colliding worlds: how cutting-edge science is redefining contemporary art. Norton.
Mitchell, W. J. T. (2005). What do pictures want? The lives and loves of images. University of Chicago Press.
Mitscherlich, A. (1965). Die Unwirtlichkeit unserer Städte. Anstiftung zum Unfrieden. Suhrkamp Verlag.
Nagel, T. (1997). The last word. Oxford University Press.
Ogden C. K., & Richards, I. A. (1923). The meaning of meaning. Harcourt, Brace & World, Inc.
Peters, H. (2001). Der Äugel - Die Kunst des räumlichen Zeichnens. E. A. Seemann Verlag.
Peirce, C. S. (1998). On the logic of drawing history from ancient documents, especially from testimonies. In Peirce Edition Project (Ed.), The essential Peirce. Selected philosophical writings, vol. 2 (1983-1913)(pp.94-95). Indiana University Press.
Pinker, S. (2018). Enlightenment now: The case for reason, science, humanism, and progress. Penguin Books.
Poe, E. A. (1846). The man of the crowd. In E.A. Poe, Tales (p.225). Wiley & Putnam.
Radkau, J. (2011). Die Ära der Ökologie: Eine Weltgeschichte. C. H. Beck.
Reckwitz, A. (2017). Die Gesellschaft der Singularitäten. Zum Strukturwandel der Moderne. Suhrkamp Verlag.
Rötzer, F. (1987). Interview with Ulrich Sonnemann. In F. Rötzer, Denken, das an der Zeit ist (pp.262-277). Suhrkamp.
Russell, P. (2019, July 22). Computation and the future of the built environment. Digital future. Scenario 2: The future of digital profiles [Lecture]. Conference “A day with U_CODE” Dresden, Deutsches Hygiene-Museum. https://vimeo.com/239538526 [a similar talk]
Schön, D. A. (1983). The reflective practitioner: How professionals think in action. Basic Books.
Skog, D. A., Wimelius, H., & Sandberg, J. (2018). Digital Disruption. Business & Information Systems Engineering, 60, 431–437. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12599-018-0550-4
Solnit, R. (2000). Wanderlust: A history of walking. Penguin Books.
Taleb, N. N. (2012). Antifragile: Things that gain from disorder. Random House.
Till, J. (2009). Architecture depends. The MIT Press.
Tufte, E. R. (2001). The visual display of quantitative information. Graphics Press.