Reflections on the European Social Housing Model and Opportunities for Collaborative Housing from a Dutch Perspective


  • Vincent Gruis TU Delft, Architecture and the Built Environment




This chapter briefly reflects on European social housing models and mainly discusses opportunities for housing cooperatives in the Dutch housing system. Since the introduction of the new Housing Act in 2015 in the Netherlands, there are legal opportunities for social housing tenants to form cooperatives. However, in practice, this does not happen a lot yet. From our analysis of the Dutch housing systems it is concluded that it is unlikely that it will take place on a larger scale, among others due to a lack of tradition (path dependency) and support from housing corporations – the main owners of social housing in the Netherlands. 

How to Cite

Gruis, V. (2019). Reflections on the European Social Housing Model and Opportunities for Collaborative Housing from a Dutch Perspective. Research in Urbanism Series, 5, 27–38.



Author Biography

Vincent Gruis, TU Delft, Architecture and the Built Environment

Graduated from the Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment of Delft University of Technology and MSC in Real Estate Management and Housing and Urban Renewal. He holds a PhD from the same university with specialization in financial-economic fundamentals for housing associations. He is currently Full Professor, Chairman of the Housing Management Chair, and Head of the Department of Management in the Built Environment at the Faculty of Architecture in Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands.


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